Uzbekistan Sees Continued Population Growth, Reaching 36.8 Million

Uzbekistan's population continues its upward trend, reaching 36.8 million by the end of 2023, reflecting an annual growth of 2.2%, equivalent to 774.9 thousand people

As of January 1, 2024, the population of Uzbekistan experienced a 2.2% surge compared to the beginning of 2022. The annual growth rate has steadily risen, starting at 1.9% in 2020 and reaching 2.2% in 2023.

The natural increase, calculated by the difference between births and deaths, rose by 3.8% compared to the previous year. Over the year, 961,962 births occurred (a 3.2% increase), while 172,772 deaths were recorded (0.4% increase).

The population distribution stands at 50.3% male and 49.7% female, with 283,808 marriages and 49,198 divorces registered in 2023. The urban population slightly surpasses the rural population, accounting for 51%.

The working-age population (16–60 years for men and 16–55 years for women) continues to expand, reaching 20,710,900 people by January 1, 2024. Within this group, the largest share is occupied by individuals aged 31–59 years, constituting 35.8%.

However, the group aged 14–30 years has been gradually decreasing since 2020 (28.9%), while the population over 60 years old is on the rise, increasing from 8.1% in 2020.

In the realm of migration, Uzbekistan observes notable patterns, with the majority of those arriving for permanent residence originating from Russia, constituting 39.8% (1,175 people), followed by Kazakhstan at 24.6% (726). Tajikistan contributes 9.7% (286), Kyrgyzstan 5.1% (150), and Turkmenistan 2.1% (61), while arrivals from other countries make up 18.7% (557).

Conversely, the migration trends from Uzbekistan indicate a substantial preference for Kazakhstan as a destination, with 81.1% (14,051 people) choosing it for permanent residence. Russia comes next at 15.4% (2,670), followed by smaller percentages opting for South Korea (0.6% – 107), Kyrgyzstan (0.5% – 91), and Turkmenistan (0.2% – 40). Additionally, 377 individuals (2.2%) have chosen other countries as their preferred destination for permanent residence.





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